|Starla's Wax Melting Instructions
Melting wax can seem like the easiest thing in the world to do. Why would you need
instructions to melt wax?
It can be on of the most difficult processes in making candles. Hopefully, this
section of instructions, below, will make it a little easier. 2-19-2019
|Below are a list of places I have found roasters.
I know these roaster were not invented for melting wax, but they work
perfect for me. I am NOT going to recommend you purchase one, I am
just saying, this is what I use.
I find mine at Wal-Mart and Kitchen Collection.
You need to have common sense when melting wax, so if you lack
common sense, please don't melt wax without a friend present.
(Yes, that was my attempt at humor - now you see why I'm crafting instead
of Stand-Up comedy.)
But seriously, be careful.
The first question people ask is, "How many candles can I get from this block of wax?".
The answer seems straight forward enough, but it isn't........
How big are your candles going to be? If your block of wax weighs 5 lbs, you could get five
16 oz candles from one block or ten 8 oz candles, so on and so on.
The second question is, "What do I use to melt the wax in?".
The answer is a double boiler.
I use a Hamilton Beach Roaster. These roasters are big double boilers. The inner pan
comes out and you can pour water into the bottom.
The roasters last for a couple years of regular use, they have a temperature control dial,
and the pan will easily hold up to 20 lbs of wax. As little as one pound can be melted in the
Hamilton Beach does not build these roasters for melting wax. I want to make it clear that
this company doesn't endorse the use of their roasters for melting wax. It's what I use.
I like how they work. This roaster averages about 30 to 50 dollars each. I bought mine on
line at Amazon.
The average equipment made for melting wax cost about a grand.
You can even find a smaller roaster at Walmart, Kmart, or similar store that run about
19.95 and hold up to 5 pounds of wax. Look for atemperature control knob on the front
and an inner pan that lifts out for adding water.
If you don't want to spend much money at all, you can make your own double boiler from
putting a smaller pan inside a larger pan. Just add water to the bottom pan.
Just keep adding water, as water will boil away in steam. I know that seems elementary,
but some people don't cook. Be careful not to let the double boiler run dry. It can get too
If using a homemade double boiler (coffee can in pan of water) you will need a candy or
candle thermometer for heat control. A candle thermometer cost about ten dollars. Water
boils at a standard 212°F, unless you are 5,000 feet above sea level.
Remember it's important - if wax is smoking, it is too hot. The vapors produced are
extremely flammable for any heat source like a stove. Use the double boiler. Don't melt it in
a microwave. It will blow up.
Most paraffin waxes have a flash point around 390° F. When it reaches its flash point it
may not smoke or bubble, it will usually just explode, splattering flaming wax in all
directions. To avoid this dangerous catastrophe, always use the double boiling method to
melt your wax. Water boils at 212° F, which is well below the flash point of most paraffin
waxes. Check the flash point of your wax when you purchase.
I want you to get the message.
USE A DOUBLE BOILER!
DON"T Be an airhead.
Remember - scent has a flash point too. Don't throw scent into a vat of wax that is
smoking! Flash points on scents vary.
Also, wax is hotter when melted then it is when it is melting.......just like grease is hotter
when melted then when it is melting. Don't melt it at 275 because you are in a hurry and
then have an accident because you forgot to turn it down.
Another hazard of smoking wax is the fumes.
Smoke fumes from wax can be very harmful.
But, you see now, why you need temperature control and why you never put a pan with wax straight
on a burner. Always use a double boiler.
Don't try to put out a wax fire with water.
Use an extinguisher, you need one in the house anyway.
Don't take the lid off a pan that is smoking, that only give the fire oxygen.
Don't ever leave melting wax unattended. The roaster may malfunction, the stove may malfunction,
It isn't a wise thing to do with something that can catch fire, even if this only happens once in a
million years. I have never had wax to catch fire in 10 years, but I never leave it melting and go away.
I, also recommend, a bowl of cold water nearby if you are letting your children help. If you splash wax
on you during the candle making or bear waxing project, you will want to place your hand or body
part in cold water. Wax cools very rapidly in water.
Don't ever try and brush hot wax off of your hand. It only smears the wax over a wider area.
Don't wear thin rubber gloves - they melt.
I have splashed wax on myself and dunked my hand in the vat of wax by accident. The biggest
reason is I keep my wax to a temperature of 200 degrees. Being splashed is very irritating and I may
jump about and say a few bad words, but wax cools quickly.
It takes awhile for wax to melt. The only way I know to hurry the melting up a little is to break the
wax into smaller pieces. The smaller the piece, the quicker wax will melt. You can break our harder
paraffin waxes into smaller pieces by cracking them on a sidewalk step.
The wax I use I melt at 150 degrees. You don't need to cook the wax, this isn't food. You need to
melt the wax and have it hot enough to let the scent disperse when you pour it in. The temperature
of the wax will affect the way the finished candle looks, but 150 to 200 degrees is plenty hot enough
for candle making.
I like our wax for waxing bears, rag balls, and making all the faux food candles, cakes, and pies that I
make. This is the blend that Lisa developed and worked best for us.
Wax cools different in different climates. Wax likes an air temperature of about 70 degrees or above.
In the winter wax may get an air bubble in the center of the poured base candle. You will not be able
to see this bubble. It is actually in the inside of the candle. You can find out if your candle has an air
bubble in it when you drill the hole for the wick. You will "feel" the empty space with your drill. This
usually occurs in larger candles.
Large candle companies have "warming rooms" for cooling their candles. This room keeps a constant
temperature and humidity in the air. They may use a liquid wax.
Some candle makers use a warm water bath to cool their candles in. This helps prevent the "frost
look" on the sides of your candle. It also helps to keep your molds clean of wax debris.
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What ever your wax craft is, be careful and have fun. Candle wax is a great medium to work with.
You can do all sort of creative things with wax. Rolled, carved, molded or just plain poured into a
container, wax is fun and just plain easy to work with.
Making creative candle crafts is just plain fun for the whole family and maybe you will make a little
money on the side.
Fragrance oils, or
candle scent is sold in
many different sizes.
If you want to save
money buy the pound
(16 ounce) size.
It is usually cheaper
Break the wax into smaller
pieces on a cement step for
quicker melting. Let the
concrete do the work. This
doesn't take muscles. Just
a little hard crack should do
Or use a hammer, that
does it for me.
The roaster I prefer is
this one. Hamilton
Beach. Just a personal